I’m really sorry that I’ve been awile from the place. I was so occupied past months that I had no time for my personal blog. But I promise to become better and post more..
My first post of the year will be about horses..The year 2014 is a year of Horse according to the Chineese Horoscope! This is a great and beautiful animal and it was interesting to me to know the history of The Horse.
Horse in the world
Even though horses were domesticated by people in different parts of the world, the oldest traces of humans using horses come from Asia. These traces are lead in what is now the Southern Ukraine, Caucasus and Central Asia. These people practically lived on horsebacks, using the horse for food, mainly in the form of mare’s milk, and also as transportation. Horses were so important there that they were often buried together with tribal chiefs in elaborate tombs.
Thanks to the horse even whole empires were built. in the 12th Century, Chingiz Khan and his Mongol warriors conquered the largest empire in human history, from China to the shores of the eastern Mediterranean
The horse’s stirrup created in 800s became an important source for formation of feudal system in the Middle Age Europe. The stirrup turned a man on horseback into a formidable fighting unit. The mounted knight in armour was the mainstay of the medieval army.
Stirrups helped not only the knight, but also the merchant, the traveller and the courier of the king. A rider with stirrups is much more secure than a rider without them and the result was to vastly increase the use of the horse for riding.
In addition to the stirrup, the shoulder collar, another imported piece of equipment, helped the horse to become important in European social and economic development.The shoulder collar enabled the horses to pull ploughs and wagons. Stronger and faster than the ox, the horse became much more useful to the peasant and the merchant.
Until the invention of the internal combustion engine, the horse was Europe’s most important source of energy. The word ‘Horsepower‘ is still used today to measure engines.
The Spanish conquistadors brought horses to South America in the 1500’s The native people had never before seen these large creatures and they were at first terrified at the sight of men on horseback. As a result, mounted soldiers were able to conquer the native empires and establish Spanish rule over much of the continent. Afterwards, horses continued to be imported by Spanish and Portuguese colonists for use in farming, ranching and transportation, just as they were used in Europe.
Russia wouldn’t be that large if not the horse either. Lots of great victories in battles were achieve on horsebacks. Russian “troyka” (rig with three horses) had no analogues in the world. Such an equipage exeeded highest speed possible at the time (45-50 km/hour). There exists lots of songs, poems and painting about horses in Russia.
In South America today, horses remain valuable for ranching on the great cattle-raising estancias of Argentina and on the ranchos of Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern Brazil. The gaucho on the his pony is a symbol of the pampa, the South American plain, just as the cowboy is a symbol of the open range in the western United States. Today you may have a trip on horse in Mexico and explore the colorfull country
Exploration and settlement of the vast North American continent would have been much more difficult, if not impossible, without horses. The first horses lived on North America dissapeared 10000 years ago. They came back when spanish explorers Kortes and De Soto showed them to the continent. The indians learned to ride on them and educated other pueblos to ride.Since then American life were not the same.
Nobody can’t imaging America without Pony Express to deliver the mail with Visas, cowboys to round up cattle and stagecoaches to carry people from town to town. The horse pulled the farmer’s plough, carried the cavalry soldier in battle and brought the doctor his patients.
The Western style of riding developed directly from the medieval Spanish saddles, and the cowboy’s seat, with long stirrups and straight leg, is the same seat used by a knight in armour. The universal image of the West is the cowboy and his horse.
Along with the use of horses in herding, the European settlers brought their traditions of horse-based sports. Polo and racing remain popular today in many countries of South America. The South American breeds, developed from fine horses bred on the Iberian Peninsula since Roman times, are prized for their beauty and stamina.